Article 46 Rules governing the technical area - EURO

Regulations of the UEFA European Football Championship

Content Type
Competition Regulations
National teams
Enforcement Date
3 May 2024

The team officials and substitute players indicated on the match sheet, up to a total of 23 people, are allowed to sit on the team bench. Seating must be provided for 23 people. All the substitutes and the team doctor indicated on the match sheet must be seated on the team bench during the match.


During the match, substitutes are allowed to leave the technical area to warm up. The referee determines exactly where they may warm up (behind the first assistant referee or behind the advertising boards behind the goal) and how many substitutes are allowed to warm up simultaneously. In principle, three substitutes per team are allowed to warm up at the same time; however, if space so permits, the referee can allow additional substitutes from each team to warm up simultaneously in the determined area. The team fitness coach indicated on the match sheet may join the players warming up and is responsible for ensuring the referee’s instructions are respected.


Smoking is not allowed in the technical area during matches. This includes the use of electronic cigarettes.


The use of any electronic communication equipment and/or systems is regulated by the IFAB Laws of the Game and the relevant instructions issued. Under no circumstances may any such systems be used by teams in connection with any kind of refereeing decision or matter.