Article 19 Public access, exit and circulation routes - Stadium Infrastructure

UEFA Stadium Infrastructure Regulations

Technical Regulations
Specific Regulations
Stadium Infrastructure
1 May 2018

Approach routes to the stadium, entrances, exits and all public areas inside the stadium must be clearly indicated and adequately signposted (for example by means of letters and numbers) to guide spectators to and from their seats.


Entry gates and/or turnstiles must be designed in such a way as to avoid congestion and ensure the smooth flow of spectators.


Ground rules indicating prohibited items, ideally in the form of internationally recognised pictograms, must be available at every entrance.


All public access, exit and circulation routes must be clearly distinguished from the seating areas. Entry gates, exit gates and doors must be operational and indicated by signs which are universally understood.


All doors and gates that form part of exit or evacuation routes, and all gates leading from the public areas to the field of play (if applicable), must:

  1. be operational and designed so that they can remain unlocked (but manned) while spectators are in the stadium;

  2. open outwards in the direction of the egress and evacuation routes.


In addition, stadiums must meet the following requirements in terms of access controls:


1 and 2


3 and 4

All public entrances must be equipped with turnstiles and an electronic ticket control system designed to prevent the use of counterfeit tickets and deliver real-time flow rates and entrance numbers to a central point with a view to preventing overcrowding in the stadium as a whole or in individual sectors. The ratio should be of 1 turnstile per 660 seats.