For the purpose of these regulations, the following definitions apply:
A voluntary or mandatory process that may be used as an alternative to the liquidation of an entity, often known as going into administration. The day-to-day management of the activities of an entity in administration may be operated by the administrator on behalf of the creditors.
A natural or legal person who, for a fee or free of charge, represents players and/or clubs in negotiations with a view to concluding an employment contract or represents clubs in negotiations with a view to concluding a transfer agreement.
Procedures that have been agreed to by the auditor and the engaging party and, if relevant, other parties.
Annual accounting reference date
The date on which the reporting period for the annual financial statements ends.
An entity, including an unincorporated entity such as a partnership, which neither is a subsidiary nor has an interest in a joint venture and over which the investor has significant influence.
An independent audit firm acting in compliance with the International Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (including International Independence Standards).
UEFA Club Financial Control Body
Club licensing criteria
Requirements, divided into six categories (sporting, football social responsibility, infrastructure, personnel and administrative, legal and financial), to be fulfilled by a licence applicant for it to be granted a licence.
Club monitoring requirements
Requirements to be fulfilled by a licensee that has been admitted to the UEFA Champions League, the UEFA Europa League or the UEFA Europa Conference League.
The power to conduct the activities of an entity and to direct its financial, operating
or sporting policies which affect returns, by means of share ownership, voting power,
constitutional documents (statutes), agreement, or otherwise.
Examples of control include a party:
holding a majority of the shareholders’ or members’ voting rights;
having the right to appoint or remove a majority of the members charged with the governance of an entity (e.g. any administrative, management or supervisory bodies of an entity);
being a minority shareholder or a member of the entity and alone, pursuant to an agreement entered into with other shareholders or members of the entity or by any other means, being able to exercise control (including as defined under (a) or (b)).
Costs of a player’s registration
Amounts paid or payable directly attributable to a player’s registration, comprising:
fixed transfer compensation;
realised conditional transfer compensation for amounts which have become payable during the period;
any other directly attributable amounts paid and/or payable to another party such as another football club, agent/intermediary, or national football association/league.
The systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of a tangible asset over its useful life, i.e. the period over which an asset is expected to be available for use by an entity.
Directly attributable means, in relation to a particular activity, that:
the expense would have been avoided if that particular activity had not been undertaken; and
the expense is separately identifiable without apportionment.
Distributions paid to holders of equity instruments.
Employee benefit expenses
All forms of consideration given by an entity in exchange for services rendered by employees or for the termination of employment, including in respect of directors, management and those charged with governance.
Event or condition of major economic importance
An event or condition that is considered material to the financial statements of the reporting entity/entities and would require a different (adverse) presentation of the results of the operations, financial position and net assets of the reporting entity/entities if it occurred during the preceding reporting period or interim period.
Any form of government, including government agencies, government departments, government entities and similar bodies, whether local or national.
A parent and all its subsidiaries. A parent is an entity that has one or more subsidiaries. A subsidiary is an entity, including an unincorporated entity such as a partnership, that is controlled by another entity (known as the parent).
Impairment of tangible assets
An impairment loss, being the amount by which the carrying amount of a tangible asset exceeds its recoverable amount, i.e. the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and value in use.
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
Standards and Interpretations issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). They comprise:
International Financial Reporting Standards;
International Accounting Standards; and
Interpretations originated by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) or the former Standing Interpretations Committee (SIC).
International Standard on Related Services 4400 (Revised), Agreed-Upon Procedures Engagements.
The contractually agreed sharing of control over an economic activity, which exists only when the strategic financial and operating decisions relating to the activity require the unanimous consent of the parties sharing control (the venturers).
A contractual arrangement whereby two or more parties undertake an economic activity that is subject to joint control.
Key management personnel
Persons having authority over and responsibility for planning, directing and controlling the activities of an entity, directly or indirectly, including but not limited to any director (executive or otherwise) of the entity.
Certificate granted by the licensor confirming fulfilment of all minimum criteria by the licence applicant as part of the admission procedure for entering UEFA club competitions.
UEFA season for which a licence applicant has applied for/been granted a licence. It starts the day following the deadline for submission of the list of licensing decisions by the licensor to UEFA and lasts until the same deadline the following year.
Licence applicant that has been granted a licence by its licensor.
UEFA member association or its affiliated league that operates the club licensing system, grants licences and undertakes certain tasks in respect of the club monitoring process.
List of licensing decisions
List submitted by the licensor to UEFA containing, among other things, information about the licence applicants that have undergone the licensing process and been granted or refused a licence by the national decision-making bodies in the format established and communicated by UEFA.
Omissions or misstatements of items or information are material if they could individually or collectively influence the decisions of users taken on the basis of the information submitted by the club. Materiality depends on the size and nature of the omission or misstatement judged in the surrounding circumstances or context. The size or nature of the item or information, or a combination of both, could be the determining factor.
Criteria to be fulfilled by a licence applicant in order to be granted a licence.
The documentation to be submitted by a licensee as defined in respect of each of the club monitoring requirements.
National accounting practice
The accounting and reporting practices and disclosures required of entities in a particular country.
The aggregate of the following balances:
bank overdrafts, bank and other loans, accounts payable to group entities and other related parties less cash and cash equivalents;
net player transfers balance, i.e. the net of accounts receivable from player transfers and accounts payable from player transfers; and
accounts payable to social/tax authorities (non-current).
The total of all items of income less expenses in a period, in profit or loss.
Any person or entity involved in the UEFA club licensing system or club monitoring process, including the UEFA administration, the CFCB, the licensor, the licence applicant/licensee and any individual involved on their behalf.
A natural or legal person, a legal entity or a government.
Player registration(s) has the meaning set out in the FIFA Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players.
Profit/loss on disposal of tangible assets
The profit or loss calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds, if any, and the carrying value (as per the balance sheet) of the tangible asset at the date of disposal.
Protection from creditors
Procedures pursuant to laws or regulations whose objectives are to protect an entity from creditors, rescue insolvent entities and allow them to carry on running their business as a going concern. This process encompasses (voluntary) liquidation or administration procedures and other insolvency proceedings (that might result in a compromise with creditors or bankruptcy).
A related party is a person or entity or government that is related to the entity that is preparing its financial statements (the reporting entity). In considering each possible related party relationship, attention is directed to the substance of the relationship and not the merely legal form.
A person or a close member of that person’s family is related to a reporting entity if that person:
has control or joint control of the reporting entity;
has significant influence over the reporting entity; or
is a member of the key management personnel of the reporting entity or of a parent of the reporting entity.
An entity is related to a reporting entity if any of the following conditions applies:
The entity and the reporting entity are members of the same group (which means that each parent, subsidiary and fellow subsidiary is related to the others).
The entity and the reporting entity are controlled, jointly controlled, or significantly influenced by the same party.
One entity is an associate or joint venture of the other entity (or an associate or joint venture of a member of a group of which the other entity is a member).
A party has significant influence over the other entity.
Both entities are joint ventures of the same third party.
One entity is a joint venture of a third entity and the other entity is an associate of the third entity.
The entity is a post-employment benefit plan for the benefit of employees of either the reporting entity or an entity related to the reporting entity. If the reporting entity is itself such a plan, the sponsoring employers are also related to the reporting entity.
The entity is controlled or jointly controlled by a person identified in a).
A person identified in (a)(i) has significant influence over the entity or is a member of the key management personnel of the entity (or of a parent of the entity).
The entity, or any member of a group of which it is a part, provides key management personnel services to the reporting entity or to the parent of the reporting entity.
A registered member or football company or group of entities or some other combination of entities which is included in the reporting perimeter and which must provide the licensor with information for both club licensing and club monitoring purposes.
A financial reporting period ending on the reporting's entity annual accounting reference date.
An event that is considered material to the documentation previously submitted to the licensor and that would require a different presentation if it occurred prior to submission of the documentation.
The power to participate in the financial, operating or sporting policies of an entity,
but not in control or joint control of that entity, by means of share ownership, voting
power, constitutional documents (statutes), agreement, or otherwise.
Examples of significant influence include a party:
holding, directly or indirectly, between 20% and 50% of the shareholders’ or members’ voting rights;
having the ability to influence the appointment or removal of a majority of the members charged with the governance of an entity (e.g. any administrative, management or supervisory bodies of an entity);
being a minority shareholder or a member of the entity and alone, pursuant to an agreement entered into with other shareholders or members of the entity or by any other means, being able to exercise any significant influence (including as defined under a) and b);
providing in one reporting period either alone or in aggregate with parties under the same ultimate controlling party or government (excluding UEFA, a UEFA member association and an affiliated league) an amount equivalent to at least 30% of the entity’s total revenue for the same period.
The venue for a competition match including, but not limited to, all surrounding properties and facilities (for example offices, hospitality areas, press centre and accreditation centre).
Financial information to be submitted to the licensor in addition to the financial
statements if the minimum requirements for disclosure and accounting are not met.
Supplementary information must be prepared on a basis of accounting, and accounting policies, consistent with the financial statements. Financial information must be extracted from sources consistent with those used for the preparation of the annual financial statements. Where appropriate, disclosures in the supplementary information must agree with, or be reconciled to, the relevant disclosures in the financial statements.
Assets that have physical substance and are held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, for rental to others, or for administrative purposes on a continuing basis in the entity’s activities.
The venue(s) at which a club’s registered players undertake football training or youth development activities on a regular basis.
UEFA Club Licensing Quality Standard
Document that defines the minimum requirements with which licensors must comply to operate the club licensing system.
Ultimate controlling party
A natural or legal person who/which has, directly or indirectly, ultimate control of an entity.
In these regulations, the use of the masculine form refers equally to the feminine.